Start your new board members off on the right foot with an orientation program that introduces them to the basic roles and responsibilities of serving as a nonprofit board member. Don't forget to include those special issues that pertain specifically to your nonprofit's mission, plus information on: governance policies (so that all board members are reminded about their legal and fiduciary duties); accountability practices (such as the need to disclose conflicts of interest); and the responsibility to review and approve the executive director's performance and compensation.
When board members are recruited, consider using a board member agreement to ensure that everyone's on the same page. And for your nonprofit's officers (President, Secretary, Treasurer, etc.) - make sure they understand what is expected for the specific roles they will be playing as officers of the nonprofit.
Not everyone is familiar with the roles and responsibilities of board members for charitable nonprofits. Many State Associations of nonprofits offer brown-bag lunches, roundtables, webinars, and in-person seminars on governance topics, including board roles and responsibilities. Other community-based sources for board education include: local volunteer centers, community foundations, and university/college nonprofit management programs. Another local option is to seek probono consulting or engage a consultant with expertise in nonprofit management to work directly with the board members of your nonprofit. If your nonprofit is not able to engage a consultant, or identify an appropriate volunteer to lead a training session for your nonprofit's board, consider using this free on-line training on Board Basics developed by CompassPoint. On a national level, BoardSource is a leading authority on board governance issues, and offers numerous publications as well as a national leadership conference, webinars, and in-person seminars.
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